Hair transplantation – an effective treatment for hair loss
No other facial feature influences a person’s appearance as much as the hairline. Up to 80% of men and 35% of women suffer with hair loss and feel that their quality of life is lessened as a result, particularly as modern society sees thick, healthy hair as an ideal of beauty.
In such cases, hair transplantation is an effective treatment that makes the sufferer’s dream of natural-looking, constantly growing hair come true and puts an end to an ordeal that may have lasted for years.
In most cases, hair loss is the result of genetic or hormonal influences. It starts with a thinning hairline, receding hair at the temples and increasingly visible hair loss on the crown of the head (tonsure). Over the years, the hair loss progresses and may ultimately lead to extensive baldness. Thanks to the possibilities offered by present-day medication and surgery, this development can be stopped and natural-looking, lifelong hair growth stimulated in the affected areas.
The hair roots for transplantation are taken from the ring of hair below the crown, where the hair is usually thick, and implanted in the bald areas on the top of the head. Modern medicine takes advantage of the fact that the hair follicles below the crown are insensitive to the hormones responsible for hair loss and remain active throughout the patient’s life. The patient’s own hair is distributed precisely using state-of-the-art microsurgical techniques, achieving natural, long-lasting results.
In our clinic, we offer a wide range of promising drug-based and surgical treatments for hair loss. The cause and extent of the hair loss is decisive when determining which treatment to use.
Depending on the extent of the hair loss, drug-based treatment alone may achieve the desired results. In many cases, it prevents the early signs of hair loss from progressing any further and can stimulate new hair growth, particularly in the area on the crown of the head. This type of treatment is recommended for minor hair loss in its early stages and can be combined with hair transplantation.
Hair transplants are recommended in cases where the hair loss has already reached an advanced stage. There are two different techniques, the FUT strip method and the FUE single-hair method.
Both techniques are safe and effective ways of treating alopecia in both men and women and replenishing hair that has already been lost.
FUT strip technique
When using the FUT (Follicular Unit Transplantation) technique, a thin strip of skin is removed from the area below the crown under local anaesthetic, meaning that the patient feels no pain. The hair roots (known as follicular units) are harvested from this strip of skin under the microscope. The wound in the skin is closed with the finest sutures. After numbing the bald parts of the head with local anaesthetic, the hair follicles are then implanted into tiny, previously prepared openings in the scalp. The pattern of the openings follows the direction of the hair still present to ensure natural-looking growth.
This technique can be used to perform extensive hair transplants with more than 2500 follicular units being transplanted at once. Only the strip from which the hair follicles are removed is shaved. After suturing, all that remains is a linear scar which even on the day of the operation will be covered by the hair remaining on the back of the head, provided the hair is at least 1.5 cm long. It is therefore suitable for patients who don’t want to shave their hair short.
FUE single-hair technique
When using the FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) technique, the scalp is numbed with local anaesthetic and the follicular units removed separately from the area below the crown of the head using a fine hollow needle (diameter 0.7–1.0 mm). These are then implanted in the same way as with the strip technique.
Up to 1500 follicular units can be transplanted using this technique. No cut is made, although a larger area must be shaved before the surgery depending on how many follicular units are to be transplanted. All that remains in this area after the surgery are small, dot-like scars that can easily be covered by the remaining hair. This method is suitable for patients whose hair has already been shaved short, or for those who are unsure whether to shave their hair short later on.